The endocrine system is essential for hormonal secretion and is closely related to the central nervous system. It controls many physiological processes and maintains homeostasis. There are many endocrine diseases which may include Diabetes mellitus, Addison disease, Cushing disease, Hyperthyroidism, and Hypothyroidism. It is essential for dental practitioners to recognize these disorders and to properly manage these patients. In this lecture, we will review the pathophysiology, pharmacotherapy and dental management of patients with these endocrine diseases. The necessary precautions needed during the provision of dental treatment, and the appropriate management of medical emergencies that can arise during treatment will also be discussed.
- Recognize the prevalence of Endocrine Disorders.
- Understand (a) the pathophysiology and (b) pharmacotherapy of these disorders and consequences to oral health.
- Introduce the appropriate procedures in dental practice required to optimize dental care in these patients.
- Recognize and manage medical emergencies in patients with endocrine diseases.