The relevance of systemic diseases and implications on oral health is well established. However, the effects of medications used in the management of systemic disorders on oral health are often overlooked. In this presentation Dr. Lanca discusses the selective pathologies with high prevalence, as well as the effects of the medications used in the pharmacotherapy of those patients and importance for clinical practice.
The following systemic disorders and therapies are discussed:
- Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;
- Epilepsy; and
- Parkinson’s Disease.
The goals of this presentation are:
- Present an up to date overview of these disorders;
- Discuss the mechanisms of action of medications commonly used in their treatment (e.g., bronchodilators, antihypertensives, anticoagulants, antidiabetics, antiepileptic and antiparkinsonian medications);
- Discuss the adverse effects of pharmacotherapy on oral health (e.g., non-odontogenic tooth pain, periodontitis, thrombocytopenia and bleeding, hypoglycemia, gingival hyperplasia and behavioural dysfunction); and
- Discuss prevention and management of those adverse effects on oral health.